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The Ethical Hacking: What is it and why is it important?

The term hacking has become increasingly popular in recent years and is often used to refer to illegal or malicious activities in cyberspace. However, there is a type of hacking that is gaining ground and becoming an essential tool for computer security: ethical hacking.

Ethical hacking refers to the legitimate and authorized use of hacking techniques and tools with the goal of identifying and correcting security vulnerabilities in systems, networks and applications. Ethical hacking experts, also known as “ethical hackers”, work to prevent cyber attacks and protect confidential information of companies and users.

It is important to note that ethical hacking is performed with the explicit consent of the system or network owner or administrator. In addition, ethical hackers follow professional ethics and work within legal limits.

Why ethical hacking is important

  1. Improves computer security: By identifying security vulnerabilities in systems, networks and applications, ethical hackers can help to fix them before malicious attackers exploit them. This helps to protect confidential information and prevent cyber attacks.
  2. Protects users’ privacy: By evaluating the security of systems and applications, ethical hackers can ensure that users’ personal and confidential information is protected.
  3. Improves confidence in technology: In an increasingly digital world, it is important for companies and users to trust in the security of technology. By conducting regular ethical hacking tests, companies can demonstrate their commitment to computer security and improve their customers’ and users’ confidence.
  4. Increases the efficiency of security teams: By working together, security teams and ethical hackers can identify and correct security vulnerabilities more quickly. This helps to improve efficiency and reduce downtime in case of a cyber attack.

How ethical hacking is performed

The ethical hacking process generally follows these steps:

  1. Planning and preparation: Before starting the security assessment, it is important to properly plan and prepare. This includes defining the objectives of the test, identifying the systems and applications to be evaluated, obtaining explicit consent from the system or network owner or administrator, and establishing policies and procedures for the test.
  2. Information gathering: During this phase, ethical hackers collect information about the system or network being evaluated. This includes identifying operating systems, applications, services, and devices being used.
  3. Scanning and exploration: During this phase, ethical hackers use hacking tools and techniques to scan and explore the system or network in search of security vulnerabilities. This includes identifying open ports, vulnerable services and applications, and other security weaknesses.
  4. Penetration testing: During this phase, ethical hackers attempt to exploit the vulnerabilities identified to access confidential information or other restricted areas of the system or network. This allows ethical hackers to evaluate the effectiveness of existing security measures.
  5. Report and recommendations: Once the ethical hacking process is complete, ethical hackers prepare a detailed report that includes a description of the vulnerabilities identified, the severity of each vulnerability, and recommendations for fixing them.

In summary, ethical hacking is an essential tool for computer security and is important for protecting confidential information and preventing cyber attacks. By working with authorized ethical hackers, companies can improve their computer security and increase the confidence of their customers and users.