The basics of hacking: types, tools and techniques
Hacking is a discipline that has become increasingly popular in recent years, and for good reason: the digital world is becoming more and more important in our lives, and knowledge of how it works and how to protect oneself is essential for anyone. But what exactly is hacking? What are the different types of hacking? What tools and techniques do hackers use? Below, we will take a look at these key concepts in the world of hacking.
Hacking, in its most basic form, is the act of gaining unauthorized access to a computer system. This can be an individual computer, a network of computers, a web server, or any other type of computer system. Hackers use a variety of tools and techniques to gain access to these systems, and once they have access, they can do whatever they want with them.
There are different types of hacking, each with its own set of goals and techniques. Some of the most common types of hacking include:
- Ethical hacking: also known as “white hat” hacking, is the act of using hacking techniques to help improve the security of a system. Ethical hackers may be hired by companies or organizations to test the security of their systems and identify vulnerabilities.
- Malicious hacking: also known as “black hat” hacking, is the act of using hacking techniques for malicious purposes. Malicious hackers may attempt to steal confidential information, damage systems, or simply cause trouble to annoy.
- Network hacking: focuses on accessing and controlling computer networks. Network hackers may use techniques such as port scanning and vulnerability exploitation to gain access to networks and control them.
- Application hacking: focuses on accessing and controlling computer applications. Application hackers may use techniques such as SQL injection and application vulnerability exploitation to gain access to applications and control them.
To carry out any type of hacking, hackers use a variety of tools and techniques.